Author Guidelines

Manuscripts Submission

Manuscripts and cover letter may be submitted to the Online Journal System (3.2.1.1) at https://journal.pandawainstitute.com/index.php/bioactivities/login

Type of Paper

The Bioactivities is an open-access journal containing original research articles, review articles, and short communications in the areas related to bioactivities of materials or compounds.

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscript should be prepare using common word processor software (e.g. Microsoft-Word ®), prepared in English language, type single column in Times New Roman font with size of 12, space of 1.5, page size of A4,  margins of 2.54 cm.

The submitted manuscript should comprise in 2 files:
1. Front Matter: Title, Author list, Affiliation, Acknowledgments, Author Contributions, Conflicts of Interest.
2. Anonymous Manuscript: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, References.

The manuscript template can be download here

General Considerations

Research manuscripts should comprise:

Manuscript Information: Title, Author list, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords

Mandatory sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Result and Discussion, Conclusions, References.

Additional documents: Supplementary Materials, Acknowledgments, Funding Information.

Review manuscripts should comprise the manuscript information, literature review sections and discussion. The template file can also be used to prepare your review manuscript. It is not necessary to strictly follow the remaining structure.

Title

Title information including:

Article title (maximum of 20 words), write in English.

Author name and affiliation, mark with superscript numbering 1,2, etc. of different author affiliations.

Corresponding author, mark with superscript asterisk “*”, this would be used to mark the email address of the corresponding author, above the all author affiliation

Abstract

Abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, methodology, main result and major conclusions. Abstract should not more than 300 words, write in English.

Keywords

Provide 3-8 words, using the same language as abstract. Avoid using multiple concept and plural term (e.d. ‘and’, ‘of’). These keywords will be used for indexing process.

Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Materials and Methods

Provide sufficient material and instrumentation mainly used in the work. Provide detail of the research method to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results and Discussions

Combination of results and discussion section used and should be clear and concise. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusions

The main conclusions of the study should be presented in a short Conclusions section.

Acknowledgement

Supporting grant, collaboration or institution can be placed in this section.

Author Contrbutions

For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided. The following statements should be used "Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; Methodology, X.X.; Software, X.X.; Validation, X.X., Y.Y. and Z.Z.; Formal Analysis, X.X.; Investigation, X.X.; Resources, X.X.; Data Curation, X.X.; Writing – Original Draft Preparation, X.X.; Writing – Review & Editing, X.X.; Visualization, X.X.; Supervision, X.X.; Project Administration, X.X.; Funding Acquisition, Y.Y.”.

Conflict of Interest

Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interest that may be perceived as influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. If there is no conflict of interest, please state "The authors declare no conflict of interest." Any role of the funding sponsors in the choice of research project; design of the study; in the collection, analyses or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results must be declared in this section.

Supplementary data

Supporting data / information for online publication can be submitted in separate file of the manuscript.

Figure

Figure artwork (digital photograph, chromatogram, scheme) should be clear with minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Artwork or scheme prepared using Ms Word, Ms Excel or Ms Powerpoint should be saved as tiff or JPG to avoid miss layout. Please put the figures inside the manuscript according to the related text, do not place the figures separately in the last of the manuscript.

Figure caption

Ensure each figure has a caption, place below the figure, center alignment, sentence case and avoid to use the uncommon abbreviation. Use the bold font of the figure caption (e.g Figure 1).

Table

Use horizontal border on the table header and last line, without vertical border. Place the table caption above the table. Footnote (if necessary) should be place below the table, with smaller font size of the table font.

References

Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets. We recommend preparing the references with a bibliography software package, such as Mendeley [https://csl.mendeley.com/styles/578303501/jmans] or Zotero [Bioactivities Citation Style File] (Tutorial to Install Citation Style) to avoid typing mistakes and duplicated references.

The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.

Article by DOI

[1]   S. K. Moorthy, C. H. Ashok, K. V. Rao, and C. Viswanathan. (2015). “Characterization of MgO nanoparticles by neem leaves through green method”. Materials Today: Proceedings2 (9): 4360–4368. 10.1016/j.matpr.2015.10.027.

Book

[1].  J. South, and B. Blass. (2001). “The future of modern genomics”. Blackwell, London.

Book Chapter

[1].  B. M. Aaron. (2001). In: “J. Smith (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd ed”. Wiley, New York.